UNESCO was born from the common purpose of contributing to the maintenance of peace, respect for human rights and the equality of people through the channels of Education, Science, Culture and Communication. The organisation’s objective was defined as follows in the preamble to its founding act.
“To contribute to peace and security by promoting cooperation among nations through education, science and culture in order to ensure universal respect for justice, law, human rights and the fundamental freedoms which the United Nations Charter recognises for all people without distinction of race, sex, language or religion.”
With programmes to promote intercultural dialogue, universal access to new information and communication technologies and the dissemination of scientific knowledge to prevent the negative effects of climate change, it creates holistic policies that address social, environmental and economic issues according to the values of Sustainable Development.
The objectives it pursues are:
The identification, protection, preservation and transmission to future generations of the world’s cultural and natural heritage are among UNESCO’s main missions. In 1972, the Convention regulating the protection of Sites of Outstanding Value for Humanity because of their cultural or natural significance was signed in Paris. In particular, the ‘Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage’ established the World Heritage List. The list is constantly being updated and includes artistic and creative works, archaeological sites, natural spaces and ‘intangible’ assets.